The Isle of Wight Shoreline Management Plan has been developed by the Isle of Wight Council's Coastal Management team in association with the Environment Agency.
The organisations responsible for coastal risk management on the Isle of Wight (the Operating Authorities) are the Isle of Wight Council and the Environment Agency.
National government policy on coastal risk management is set by the Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra).
The Steering Group is responsible for the management, development and adoption of the new SMP, comprising of representatives from the operating authorities, neighbouring SMPs, statutory authorities and key interest organisations:
- Coastal Management, Isle of Wight Council
- Environment Agency (also providing a link to the North Solent SMP)
- Natural England
- English Heritage
- Planning Services, Isle of Wight Council
- Countryside Section, Isle of Wight Council
- Estuaries Officer, Isle of Wight Council
- Isle of Wight Archaeology and Historic Environment Service, Isle of Wight Council
- Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, Isle of Wight Council
- National Trust
The consultants appointed to help deliver the plan were Royal Haskoning.
The following organisations are producing the new Shoreline Management Plan:
Coastal Management, Isle of Wight Council
The Isle of Wight Centre for the Coastal Environment (IWCCE) was established in 1996 to deliver the Isle of Wight Council's growing activities on a local, regional, national and transnational scale in relation to coastal and geotechnical issues. The coastal management team of the Isle of Wight Council, it delivers the following functions:
Coastal, landslide and cliff management and monitoring
Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM)
Ground stability engineering
Planning liaison over coastal and geotechnical-related issues
European-funded projects improving our understanding of coastal change, ground movement and coastal management
Dissemination of information, consultations and a schools education programme through the Isle of Wight Coastal Visitor's Centre.
Management of Newport Harbour and Ventnor Haven.
The Environment Agency
On 1 April 2008 the Environment Agency took over the strategic overview for coastal risk management issues in England, in addition to their previous work on flood risk.
The Environment Agency is the lead agency for all sea and inland flood risk management. This means the EA will be accountable for sea flooding risk management decisions (i.e. whether works go ahead, to what standard etc.).
Local Authorities remain the lead authority for coastal erosion risk management. This means Local Authorities remain accountable for how coastal erosion is addressed. The EA will approve and fund sustainable plans, strategies and capital projects.
Regional Coastal Group: Southern Coastal Group
The Southern Coastal Group is the Regional Coastal Group for central-southern England, bringing together the neighbouring local authorities and organisations involved in coastal risk management, including the Environment Agency. It covers the area of coastline between Portland Bill in Dorset and Selsey Bill in West Sussex together with the whole of the coastline of the Isle of Wight.
The Southern Coastal Group is a technical group principally comprising coastal managers, planners and others with a knowledge of shoreline management, who operate in a strategic framework. It supports the delivery of Shoreline Management Plans, Strategy Studies and schemes by providing co-ordination, facilitating communications, and offering advice and guidance to its member organisations.
National Government: Defra
The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) has overall policy responsibility for flood and coastal erosion risk in England. Defra funds most of the Environment Agency's flood management activities in England and provides grant aid through the Environment Agency to the other flood and coastal defence operating authorities (local authorities and internal drainage boards) to support their investment in capital improvement projects to manage flood and coastal erosion risk.
Defra's policy is to reduce risks to people, property and the environment from flooding and coastal erosion through the provision of defences, flood forecasting and warning systems, increased flood resilience of property, beneficial land management changes and discouragement of inappropriate development in areas at risk of flooding.
Defra's programme includes encouragement of Shoreline Management Plans and Coastal Groups, a joint research and development programme with the Environment Agency and funding of the Environment Agency's flood risk maps, Catchment Flood Management Plans and Public Awareness Campaigns.
The flood and coastal defence operating authorities have permissive powers to undertake works to manage risk - there is no statutory obligation on them to do so and thus no statutory right to levels of protection. Individuals and communities will have variable standards of defence according to geography, the operating authorities' approach and priorities, and the varying ratio of benefits and costs from providing particular defences.